Data Policy / Cookies


1. Data Collection

To use our services, registration is required. During registration, the following data is


first and last name
email address

Providing your affiliation is optional and can be provided at your discretion.


2. Use of Data

We use the data you provide solely for the following purposes:

to manage your account and provide our services.
to communicate with you regarding your account and our services.
to improve and customize our services.
to collect and analyze website usage statistics.


3. Data Storage

Your personal data is securely stored on our servers. We implement appropriate
technical and organizational measures to protect your data from unauthorized
access, loss, or misuse.


4. Data Deletion

You have the right to access, correct, or delete your personal data at any time. If you
wish to have your data deleted, please send us a request at We will process your request in a reasonable


5. Recording Page Views

We collect information about the usage of our website, including pages visited. This
information is anonymous and does not contain personal data.


6. Data Sharing

We do not share your personal data with third parties unless required by law or with
your explicit consent.


7. Changes to this Privacy Policy

This Privacy Policy may be updated periodically. We will notify you of significant
changes via email or by posting a notice on our website.


8. Contact

If you have questions or concerns regarding your data or this Privacy Policy, please
contact us at


Liability for Own Content

The contents of this website are researched and implemented with the utmost care.
However, errors in the editing process cannot be ruled out. Please send any notices
and corrections to our info email address. Despite careful review, we cannot assume
liability for the correctness, completeness, and timeliness of these web pages. In
particular, we do not accept any liability for any damages or consequences arising
from the direct or indirect use of the offered content.


Disclaimer for Cross-References and Links

As a content provider, we are responsible for our own content available for use
according to general laws. Cross-references to content provided by other providers
should be distinguished from these own contents. These foreign contents do not
originate from us, and we have no ability to influence the content of third-party
websites. The contents of external pages linked to us do not reflect our opinion but
are for information and contextual representation only. These statements apply to all
links and references placed within our own internet offering, as well as to foreign
entries in guest books, discussion forums, and mailing lists set up by us. The provider
of the page to which reference is made is solely liable for illegal, incorrect, or
incomplete contents and, in particular, for damages arising from the use or non-use
of such information.


Data Protection

By visiting the website of the provider, information about access (date, time, viewed
page) on the server can be stored. This data does not belong to personal data but is
anonymized and is used solely for statistical purposes. It is not passed on to third
parties for commercial or non-commercial purposes.

Furthermore, data can be stored on the website users’ computer. This data is called a
‘cookie’; and is used to simplify user access behavior. However, the user has the
option to disable this function within their respective web browser. In this case, there
may be limitations in the usability of our website.

The provider expressly points out that data transmission over the Internet (e.g., when
communicating via email) may have security gaps and cannot be completely
protected against access by third parties.

The use of the contact data provided in the imprint – in particular, telephone/fax
numbers and email addresses – for commercial advertising is expressly not desired
unless the provider has given prior written consent or there is already a business
relationship. The provider and all persons mentioned on this website hereby object to
any commercial use and disclosure of their data.



Copyright Statement for the Database machiavellianotium created by Judith Frömmer


This database, collectively created by Judith Frömmer and her team, has been
developed with support from multiple institutions. The content, structure, and design
of this database are protected by copyright laws.


Use and Distribution:

The database is provided for the benefit of the public, researchers, and relevant
institutions, subject to the following conditions:


Users are granted permission to access, view, search, and extract data from the
database for personal, educational, or research purposes.

Reproduction, distribution, modification, or any other form of commercial or non-
commercial use of the database or its contents beyond the scope of personal or
research purposes is strictly prohibited without explicit written consent from the
copyright holder.

Institutions and individuals interested in using, reproducing, distributing, or otherwise
utilizing the database for purposes beyond personal or research use are required to
seek prior written authorization from the copyright holder, Judith Frömmer.


Proper attribution to the database and its creators, including Judith Frömmer and her
team, is required when referencing or citing data from this database in research,
publications, or other related works.


Unauthorized use, reproduction, or distribution of the database or its contents may
result in legal consequences, including potential copyright infringement claims.

We encourage responsible and ethical use of this valuable database and appreciate
your cooperation in respecting the intellectual property rights and efforts of Judith

Frömmer and her team. For inquiries, permissions, or further information, please